Image from Moor.
Basic Description: god
of Mercury, one of the Nine Planets.
Alternate Names : Budha, Bhudha
The Hindu name for the day Wednesday, Budhavara,
is named after him. Aparamargu is sacred
Birth Myth: Budhan is the child of Tara, consort of
Brahmanaspati, and Chandra. When the
child was born Brahma ordered Tara to name the
father, but she refused. Since she
refused the child itself spoke up and threatened to curse her if she did not
name his father. Tara
then named Chandra as the father. This
was considered wise of him and hence he is named Budhan or wise.
Myth: The god Manu had no children, but
wanted a child. He performed a sacrifice
to Surya to beget a son, but the priest made a mistake and he got a daughter,
Ila instead. The priest prayed to Brahma
to correct his mistake and Ila became a man named Sadyumna. While Sadyumna was out hunting he
accidentally came across Parvati naked in Shiva’s arms. Parvati was angry with him and cursed him and
he became a woman, Ila, again. This was
when Budhan saw Ila and married her. But
after she had born him a son, she wished to become a man again and prayed to
Vishnu. Vishnu blessed her and she
became a man again, but the curse of Parvati was to powerful to be overcome
permanently. So she is a man one month
and a woman the next.
Ila, who becomes Sadyumna
The Hindu Pantheon . Los Angeles: Philosophical research society,
Thomas, P. Epics, Myths
and Legends of India. Bombay, India: D. B. Taraporevala Sons &
Co. Private Ltd, 1961.
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